Before you start a home improvement project, you should always have the right hammer in hand because you will finish the job much faster, and you lower the risk of damage to your work piece or the hammer tool itself. You can choose from a broad range of hammers and each varies in size, shape and weight. Traditionally, designers made the handle from wood because this made it easy to replace the handle as the handle aged.

1. Claw Hammer

In general work, claw hammers have ranked as one of the most popular choices. You can buy them with steel handles, glass-fiber handles, wood handles or without a rubber grip. Normally the most popular weight will be between 16 oz to 24 oz, and the claw part will usually curve and incorporate a “V” to draw nails out of the timber.

How to Use It

The hammer head slams nails into floorboards and wood frames. Meanwhile, the claw part of the hammer pulls up the nails from the floorboard or wood frame. When you accidentally hammer a nail in the wrong section of a board, this practical hammer makes it much easier to assemble and disassemble your work.

2. Ball Pein Hammer

As far as different types of hammers go, the ball pein usually sees usage among the engineer crowd. Machinists have also taken a liking to the ball pein because it especially gets used among metalworkers. Usually, ball pein hammers consist of either an ash or hickory handle. They will almost always be made from wood.

How to Use It

Ball pein hammers mainly get used for metalworking projects. Tons of metalworkers choose the cross pein because you can use it to start a panel pin and tack. You can also choose the lighter version, which is the cross and straight pein hammer, which plenty of people have chosen because of how it meets the requirements for light joinery and cabinetry work.

3. Drilling Hammer

Made for the demolition and heavy hammer jobs, this hammer ranges anywhere from one to five pounds, and it usually consists of a wooden, steel or fiberglass handle. Manufacturers shaped the heads of these hammers slightly differently from an engineer’s hammer, and it resembles a smaller sledge hammer.

How to Use It

Sometimes this hammer has been called a hand sledge, and it accomplishes the same purpose.

4. Sledge Hammer

Known as the heavy hitter, the sledge hammer bulls down the heavier jobs with professional ease and breaks up stone, concrete or masonry. You should always put on safety glasses and wear gloves and protective clothing when using this demolition hammer. Popular weight models include seven, 10 and 14-pound hammers.

How to Use It

Especially intended for heavy demolition work, the blows of the steel hammer head can pound through concrete, brick and cement walls. You swing it like an axe.

5. Rubber Mallet

Designers made the rubber mallet to assemble the more fragile pieces on a project. For example, some of the softer woods like balsa. Usually, this mallet will weigh between 12 oz to 28 oz, and it will have a wooden handle. To classify as a rubber mallet, the head must have a bounce-resistant and non-marring head. It will usually be made in black or white.

How to Use It

You use the rubber mallet for striking sensitive materials that might be damaged with a steel head.

6. Power Hammer

Called the “Power Nailer,” this hammer nails and staples. They work great for those situations where you need to install a new hardwood flooring.

How to Use It

Pay close attention to the angle to avoid blowouts and to shoot the nail where you want it. Also, wear safety glasses to protect your eyesight.

7. Lead Hammer

Want more persuasive power on a project without damaging the pieces you’re using. A lead hammer works well for this. You could also use a mallet, but the lead hammer has a better force-per-size ratio because it consists of solid lead. You can also use this hammer in conjunction with a ball pein hammer.

How to Use It

Lead hammers have a good weight and don’t leave marks on the harder metals. Made to eliminate bounce, you can tap aluminum molds to remove the casting of lead.

8. Bricklayer’s Hammer

Bricklayer's hammer
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One of the lesser known hammer types to the general public, the bricklayer’s hammer works especially well for hardscaping projects. Almost every professional mason will pull this hammer out of their tool bag. It has a handle and a head with two sides. The handle has been designed to absorb the shock from striking a hard object.

How to Use It

You use this hammer to split bricks and break small pieces off rocks. One side of the hammer works like a chisel while the other side looks like a hammer.

9. Shingler’s Hammer

Sometimes called the shingler’s hatchet, you can cut shingles with the hammer on one end while you hammer nails into the roof with the other end. Many roofers prize this hammer as one of the best tools in their collection.

How to Use It

First, make measurements of what you want to cut. Next, cut the shingle using the hatchet end of the hammer. Finally, put the shingle in place with a nail.

10. Joiner’s Mallet

The joiner’s mallet drives chisels into place and taps wood joints together as the need arises. It comes in handy where a metal-head hammer could damage or bruise the material.

How to Use It

You can use this especially for woodworking. The special angle on the joiner’s mallet lets you swing as your hand remains lower on the mallet. In addition, you can use this mallet to dampen the force driving the edge and take control of it.

Summing Up

These are the types of hammers you will run across if you’re shopping. The claw hammer serves as a good all-purpose tool while many of the others have highly specific purposes, but they raise your productivity levels and help you finish the job with a professional and well-measured touch.

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